4 things you need to know about the Arabic language

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With 293 million native speakers and 422 million total speakers, Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world. In 26 countries, it is an official language. This does not mean that it is the majority language in each of these countries, but it is an official language in each of them. It is also one of the six official languages ​​of the United Nations, and 1.7 billion Muslims use it as a liturgical language because it is the language of the Koran, the holy book of Islam. The majority of these people do not speak Arabic, although many have sufficient understanding of the language to read, pray and study the religion. Let’s dive into the beauty of this language and check out some things you should know about it.

1. Many versions of the Arabic language

Classical Arabic from the Quran is one of the most common forms. Because it was the language in which God revealed the Quran to Muhammad, many believe it to be the most perfect version of Arabic, and some even claim it to be the only authentic Arabic. . Then there is Contemporary Standard Arabic, which is the version of the language used as the official language. It is a modern type of Literary Arabic based on the Classical Arabic of the Quran, but with significant modifications and a much broader vocabulary to make it more appropriate for today’s times. Although not identical to Classical Arabic, Arabs refer to both as “al-Fusha”, which means “eloquent speech”.

Contemporary Standard Arabic is used in literature, media, education, and official circumstances, but not in ordinary conversation. Arabs use their local dialects, or ‘Amiya’, for everyday communication, which can vary greatly from country to country and even within the same nation. Learning Arabic today gives you the opportunity to communicate with a large Arabic-speaking population and discover many inspiring and amazing things about this culture. You can take the Al Kunuz online course to learn more about this beautiful language and experience the beauty of Arabic variety and linguistic diversity. Involvement in the culture and customs of an Arab country will broaden your perspective of the world, people, and yourself.

2. Words are built from basic roots

Arabic, like other Semitic languages, has a complicated and peculiar way of constructing words from a fundamental root. This indicates that a three-letter pattern, such as ktbwill always be the basis of words with the semantic field “writing”, like kitabwhich means “book”, and maktab, which stands for “desk or desk”. Direct translation, especially of works of poetry, is usually difficult when using the root approach, because the root of a word can have a meaning that requires multiple sentences to convey. This, however, can be advantageous, and the beauty of it is that it conveys a depth of meaning and emotion that few languages ​​can match.

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If you know the root letters, you can understand what the word means at its most basic level, and if you know the pattern, you can figure out what type of word it is.

3. Arabic has a unique script

Arabic script is made up of letters that look like handwriting and is written from right to left. The majority of letters connect to the letter that follows them. Letters that combine have two forms: a short form at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a sentence, and another long form after a sentence or when the letter is alone. Short vowels are not written, while long vowels and diphthongs can be ambiguous in Arabic script.

Accordingly, Arabic is called an abjad. It is a system in which each letter represents a consonant rather than a vowel, requiring the language user to give vowels using vowel markers.

Harakat, which are additional diacritical symbols that denote short vowels, can be used to write Arabic. These are usually reserved for works that require special pronunciation, such as the Quran, poetry, or children’s materials.

4. English has many Arabic words

With words like alchemy, alcohol, algebra, algorithm, alkaline, (the Arabic article ‘al’ stands for ‘the’), amber, candy, coffee, cotton, lemon, magazine, sorbet, canape, tariff – and many more. others – many terms in English are derived from the Arabic language. Arab traders even brought the modern digital system to Europeans.

Algebra– The name is derived from the Arabic al-jabr, which means “union of fractured pieces”, and was first used in a 9th century Arabic book on mathematics.

Candy– Qand refers to the crystallized juice of sugar cane, hence the American term candy.

It originated in Sanskrit and was later adopted in Arabic by the Persian language.

Sofa– A carpeted platform that people sat on was called suffa in Arabic. The term sofa comes from the Turkish language and was adopted by English.

The Arabic language is not only one of the most important languages ​​in the world, but it is also one of the oldest, most diverse and most beautifully written. It will make you more satisfied and richer for a fantastic experience if you study it and feel its beauty.